Avtor/Urednik     Strle, Franc; Bogovič, Petra; Cimperman, Jože; Maraspin-Čarman, Vera; Ogrinc, Katarina; Rojko, Tereza; Stupica, Daša; Lusa, Lara; Avšič-Županc, Tatjana; Strašek, Katja; Jelovšek, Mateja; Lotrič-Furlan, Stanka
Naslov     Are patients with erythema migrans who have leukopenia and/or thrombocytopenia coinfected with anaplasma phagocytophilum or tick-borne encephalitis virus?
Tip     članek
Vol. in št.     Letnik 9, št. 7
Leto izdaje     2014
Obseg     str. 1-5
ISSN     PloS one Med
Jezik     eng
Abstrakt     Lyme borreliosis (LB), tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) are endemic in central part of Slovenia. We tested the hypothesis that patients with erythema migrans (EM) from this region, who have leukopenia and/or thrombocytopenia (typical findings in HGA and in the initial phase of TBE but not in patients with LB) are coinfected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and/or with TBE virus, i.e. that cytopenia is a result of concomitant HGA or the initial phase of TBE. Comparison of clinical and laboratory findings for 67 patients with EM who disclosed leukopenia/thrombocytopenia with the corresponding results in sex- and age-matched patients with EM and normal blood cell counts revealed no differences. In addition, patients with typical EM and leukopenia and/or thrombocytopenia tested negative for the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies to TBE virus by ELISA as well as for the presence of specific IgG antibodies to A. phagocytophilum antigens by IFA in acute and convalescent serum samples. Thus, none of 67 patients (95% CI: 0 to 5.3%) with typical EM (the presence of this skin lesion attests for early Lyme borreliosis and is the evidence for a recent tick bite) was found to be coinfected with A. phagocytophilum or had a recent primary infection with TBE virus. The findings in the present study indicate that in Slovenia, and probably in other European countries endemic for LB, TBE and HGA, patients with early LB are rarely coinfected with the other tick-transmitted agents.
Proste vsebinske oznake     lyme borreliosis
tick-borne encephalitis
erythema migrans
human granulocytic anaplasmosis
leukopenia
thrombocytopenia