Avtor/Urednik     Železnik Ramuta, Taja; Erdani-Kreft, Mateja
Naslov     Human amniotic membrane and amniotic membrane-derived cells
Tip     članek
Vol. in št.     Letnik 27, št. 1
Leto izdaje     2018
Obseg     str. 77-92
ISSN     Cell transplantation Med
Jezik     eng
Abstrakt     Human amniotic membrane (hAM) is the innermost layer of fetal membranes, which surrounds the developing fetus and forms the amniotic cavity. hAM and hAM-derived cells possess many properties that make them suitable for use in regenerative medicine, such as low immunogenicity, promotion of epithelization, anti-inflammatory properties, angiogenic and antiangiogenic properties, antifibrotic properties, antimicrobial properties, and anticancer properties. Many pathological conditions of the urinary tract lead to organ damage or complete loss of function. Consequently, the reconstruction or replacement of damaged organs is needed, which makes searching for new approaches in regenerative and reconstructive urology a necessity. The use of hAM for treating defects in kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra was tested in vitro in cell cultures and in vivo in mice, rats, rabbits, cats, dogs, and also in humans. These studies confirmed the advantages and the potential of hAM for use in regenerative and reconstructive urology as stated above. However, they also pointed out a few concerns we have to take into consideration. These are (1) the lack of a standardized protocol in hAM preparation and storage, (2) the heterogeneity of hAM, and especially (3) low mechanical strength of hAM. Before any wider use of hAM for treating urological defects, the protocols for preparation and storage will need to be standardized, followed by more studies on larger animals and clinical trials, which will altogether extensively assess the potential of hAM use in urological patients.
Proste vsebinske oznake     urology
urothelium
regenerative medicine
urologija
urotelij
regenerativna medicina