Author/Editor     Pećina-Šlaus, Nives; Kljaić, Milka; Nikuševa-Martič, Tamara
Title     Loss of heterozygosity of APC and CDH1 genes in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma
Type     članek
Source     Pathol Res Pract
Vol. and No.     Letnik 201
Publication year     2005
Volume     str. 557-63
ISSN     0344-0338
Language     eng
Abstract     The molecular mechanisms involved in the development and progression of laryngeal cancer, specifically squamous cell carcinoma, still need further investigation and elucidaition. Twenty-two laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas were analyzed in our study regarding genetic changes of two tumor suppressor genes: Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and E-cadherin (CDH1). APC gene instability was tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/loss of heterozygosity (LOH) using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. The samples were also screened for mutations using the heteroduplex method. E-cadherin gene was analyzed by PCR amplification of tetranucleotide marker (D16S7S2) linked to E-cadherin gene. The results of our analysis showed three samples with LOH of the APC gene out of 15 heterozygous patients (20%). Only one LOH of the CDHI gene (5.5%) out of 18 heterozygous patients was discovered. D16S752 marker did not reveal any replication error-positive samples. There were six samples showing heteroduplexes (33%) encompassed in APC's exon 11. Altogether, nine samples (41%) showed alterations of the APC gene. Our results suggest that alterations of APC gene may have a role in squamous cell carcinoma development. Detected LOH of the E-cadherin gene indicates that genetic changes of this gene are not very frequent, but that other components of the wnt signaling cascade may also be involved.
Descriptors     LARYNGEAL NEOPLASMS
CARCINOMA, SQUAMOUS CELL
GENES, APC
CADHERINS
DNA, NEOPLASM
AGE FACTORS
SEX FACTORS
GENETIC MARKERS
MICROSATELLITE REPEATS
POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION
POLYMORPHISM, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH
HETEROZYGOTE