Author/Editor     Žerovnik, Eva; Lohner, K; Jerala, Roman; Lagnner, R; Turk, Vito
Title     Calorimetric measurements of thermal denaturation of stefins A and B: comparison to predicted thermodynamics of stefin B unfolding
Type     članek
Source     Eur J Biochem
Vol. and No.     Letnik 210, št. 1
Publication year     1992
Volume     str. 217-21
ISSN     0014-2956
Language     eng
Abstract     Thermal denaturation of two homologous proteins, low-M(r) cysteine-proteinase inhibitors stefins A and B, has been investigated by microcalorimetry. Calorimetric enthalpies, as well as the temperatures at maximum heat capacity, were determined as a function of pH for each protein. Transitions were found reversible at all pH values examined (5.0, 6.5, 8.1) for the thermally more stable stefin A, in contrast to stefin B. Stefin B shows a sharp irreversible transition around 65 degrees C at pH 6.5 and 8.1, probably due to unfolding of a dimeric state followed by oligomerisation. At pH 5.0, both proteins exhibit a reversible transition with temperatures of half-denaturation at 50.2 degrees C and 90.8 degrees C for stefins B and A, respectively. The calorimetric enthalpies, which equal the van't Hoff enthalpies to within 10%, are 293 kJ/mol and 490 kJ/mol for stefins B and A, respectively. Using the predictive method of Ooi and Oobatake (1991) ŠProc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 88, 2859Ć the thermodynamic functions of unfolding were calculated for stefin B, whose three-dimensional structure has been determined. The calculated enthalpy, heat-capacity change on unfolding and the temperature of half denaturation compare well to the microcalorimetric data.
Descriptors     CYSTATINS
PROTEIN FOLDING
CALORIMETRY, DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING
HEAT
PROTEIN DENATURATION
THERMODYNAMICS